Foley is an art of creating a soundscape in the movie, game or TV production. We can describe **[Foley](http://www.soundonsound.com/sos/aug14/articles/the-foley-grail.htm)** as hidden sounds. The sounds that you are not paying attention to but without them, the story wouldn’t be believable to the audience. As you may already think, I am not talking about explosions, space ship sounds or car chases. We call this sounds design.

2020/02/01 posted in  声音   comments
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Foley是一种在电影,游戏或电视制作中创造音景的艺术。我们可以把Foley形容为隐藏的声音。你没有注意到但没有它们的声音,这个故事对观众来说是不可信的。正如您可能已经想到的那样,我不是在谈论爆炸,太空船声音或汽车追逐。我们称之为声音设计。

Foley is footsteps and cutlery in a busy restaurant scene. The sound of a hand touching a table or a simple door creak. Foley is usually hyper-real, that means the sounds are exaggerated. They are louder and more prominent than reality. All these are techniques to tell a better story.

Foley是繁忙的餐厅场景中的脚步和餐具。用手触摸桌子或简单的门吱吱声的声音。 Foley通常是超真实的,这意味着声音被夸大了。它们比现实更响亮,更突出。所有这些都是讲述更好故事的技巧。

Creating a believable soundscape, one that is not noticed by an audience, is a complex but exciting task. Every production is different, but there are a few standard procedures in executing a great Foley recording.

创造一个可观的音景,一个没有被观众注意到的音景,是一项复杂但令人兴奋的任务。每个制作都不同,但执行一个伟大的Foley录音有一些标准程序。

SPOTTING

Spotting is an undertaking of writing down a list of all Foley sounds that a director can select for a recording.

A team of editors will watch a scene and note every action that may or may not need a sound effect. Imagine a dinner scene.

Will you need the sound of cutlery?

A sound of pouring wine into a glass?

Or maybe someone is moving a chair around the table?

Every little thing like that you will need to note down. It is always better to have more options of recorded sounds than less. Spotting is a tedious task, but it can be an eye-opener for someone who is just starting out in the industry.

Spotting是写下导演可以为录音选择的所有Foley声音列表的承诺。

编辑团队将观看场景并记录可能需要或可能不需要声音效果的每个动作。想象一下晚餐现场。

你需要餐具的声音吗?

将酒倒入玻璃杯的声音?

或者也许有人在桌子周围移动椅子?

这样的小事你需要记下来。拥有更多录制声音的选项总是比较少。 Spotting是一项繁琐的工作,但它对于刚开始从事这个行业的人来说是一个大开眼界。

FOLEY RECORDING

Before Foley recording sessions begin a creative team decides on a priority of sounds to record. A standard movie production can have thousands of Foley sounds listed, but you don’t need all them. A good vision of the final product is important.

在Foley录制会议开始之前,创意团队决定录制的声音优先级。标准电影制作可以列出数千种Foley声音,但您不需要它们。对最终产品的良好愿景非常重要。

When the list for the recording is ready, the session starts.

当录制列表准备就绪时,会话开始。

Recordings take place on Foley stage, a big, treated room with a large screen and many different props. On the screen, you can see scenes from the movie. And then in real time, a Foley artist acts the sounds, and Foley engineer captures them.

录音在Foley舞台上进行,Foley舞台是一间经过处理的大房间,配有大屏幕和许多不同的道具。在屏幕上,您可以看到电影中的场景。然后实时,一个Foley艺术家发出声音,Foley工程师捕捉它们。

Foley artist is the most important part of the Foley team and the most creative. Foley artists must use their imagination with props and then in real time mimic what is happening on screen. When the scenes play, there is no sound or dialogue. It is just a picture.

Foley艺术家是Foley团队中最重要的部分,也是最有创意的。 Foley艺术家必须利用他们的想象力和道具,然后实时模仿屏幕上发生的事情。当场景播放时,没有声音或对话。这只是一张照片。

Remember our dinner scene?

还记得我们的晚餐现场

The Foley artist can use a bit of metal to create the sound of cutlery. Maybe he will use a piece of wood or an old case to create the sound of a chair. He or she will use a different kind of shoes for on-screen characters. And create a different kind of movement styles.

Foley艺术家可以使用一点金属来制作餐具的声音。也许他会用一块木头或一个旧箱子来制作椅子的声音。他或她将使用不同类型的鞋子用于屏幕上的角色。并创造出不同的运动风格。

A great Foley artist can turn a normal dinner scene into a lively and exciting event. But we can’t undermine the job of a Foley sound engineer. A choice of a correct microphone type, microphones setup and correct levels are crucial. The difference can leave you with either beautiful Foley sound or a mediocre and noisy one.

一个伟大的Foley艺术家可以将正常的晚餐场景变成一个生动而令人兴奋的活动。但我们不能破坏Foley音响工程师的工作。选择正确的麦克风类型,麦克风设置和正确的电平是至关重要的。这种差异可能会给你留下美丽的Foley声音或平庸而嘈杂的声音。

A good sound engineer will instruct and work with Foley artist on the best ways of creating the sounds. You can be the best Foley artist in the world but when your work doesn’t sound good, you won’t get the attention you want.

一位优秀的音响工程师将指导Foley艺术家并与他们合作制作声音的最佳方式。你可以成为世界上最好的Foley艺术家,但是当你的作品听起来不太好时,你就不会得到你想要的关注。

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FOLEY EDITING AND FITTING

After the recordings, you will need to edit and fit the sounds. Editing is a process of cleaning up the audio. You will need to reduce the noise and remove clicks and random pops. Your job is to organise the sounds so you can fit them into the movie later on.

录制完成后,您需要编辑并调整声音。编辑是清理音频的过程。您需要降低噪音并删除点击和随机弹出窗口。你的工作是组织声音,以便以后可以将它们融入电影中。

We describe fitting as matching the sounds to the picture. Even though we record Foley in real time, there will always be a small delay.

我们将拟合描述为将声音与图片匹配。即使我们实时录制Foley,总会有一个小延迟。

Fitting requires moving these sounds into place and organising the session for the Foley mixer. Fitting Foley can be a creative process. The editor will often decide which footsteps work the best with the scene and what sounds are best to leave out of the picture.

安装需要将这些声音移动到位并组织Foley调音台的会话。适合Foley可以是一个创造性的过程。编辑器通常会决定哪些足迹在场景中效果最好,哪些声音最好留在画面之外。

A trainee Foley editor will usually start with fitting footsteps and cloth. These are sounds of clothes when characters are moving around on a screen. Only after you pay your dues, you will move to more exciting things. When sounds are edited and fitted, the session is sent to a Foley mixer.

实习Foley编辑通常会从贴合脚步和布料开始。当角色在屏幕上移动时,这些是衣服的声音。只有在你支付了会费之后,你才会转向更令人兴奋的事情。编辑和安装声音后,会话将发送到Foley调音台。

FOLEY MIXING

Mixing Foley is a tough task, as it needs to work in balance with dialogue, sound effects and music.

Foley mixer will be part of a team of three people who will work together during mixing sessions. Under the supervision of a director and creative team, mixers will create the world of background sounds.

混合Foley是一项艰巨的任务,因为它需要与对话,音效和音乐保持平衡。

Foley调音台将成为三人团队的一员,他们将在混音会议期间一起工作。在导演和创意团队的监督下,混音师将创造出背景音乐的世界。

Maybe a broken glass will become an important element in the story?

The sound will be exposed and in the centre of attention. Other time, it will be just a background sound of broken glass.

We describe Foley as an invisible art. The sounds are in the background, they play to the story, and they help to describe it to the audience. We say that the audience will only notice Foley when there is something wrong with it. Next time, when you are watching a movie, try to pay a bit more attention to the sounds of the background.

Close your eyes for a bit and remember how much work went into creating the world of hidden sound.

也许破碎的玻璃将成为故事中的重要元素?

声音将被暴露并处于关注的中心。其他时候,它只是一个碎玻璃的背景声音。

我们将弗利描述为一种无形的艺术。声音在背景中,它们与故事相关,并且它们有助于向观众描述它。我们说当观众出现问题时,观众才会注意到Foley。下次,当您正在观看电影时,请尝试更多地关注背景声音。

闭上眼睛,记住创造隐藏声音世界的工作量。