景别的使用

2020/02/01 posted in  摄影   comments
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随着人物对话的深入采用恰当的景别,展现人物动作的时候适当使用相应的景别表现动作

特写

全景

中景

近景

比如想突出人物内心活动的时候用特写,

突出人物在公众面前的角色时候用宽一点的景别

当情绪激烈的时候,特写镜头景别可以一直递进,当情绪需要稍微放松或有转折点的时候切出大一点的景别,所谓让观众有呼吸,这也是节奏的感觉。

剪之前,先了解这场戏的功能是什么,主角的心理和动机是什么,

故事发展的脉络

人物之间的化学反应

道具的铺垫和寓意

人物动机的铺垫和转变

不能被素材带着走

要预先想结构,节奏,事件,动作发生的顺序,然后再替换表演。

需要我们认真对待所有的人民财产和他们所享有的价值,你好我们有非常多的使用价值和空间。

案例一:

视角的使用

通过某个角色或者某一群人的视角来带入观众体验看到的情节

视角的局限性也是观众的带入感,观众看到的就是主角看到的

对话镜头与反应镜头的使用

角色A强调自己的主观意愿的时候用角色A的对话镜头

当角色A提到角色B,并想让角色B有所想法的时候用角色B的反应镜头

眨眼之间,当角色眨眼就是一个剪辑点,眨眼前切或者眨眼之后再切

Editing cuts剪辑技法

Straight cut直切– most common, joins two pieces of film

Jump cut 跳切– camera films same spot without changing angles as it moves in or out - disruption in spatial continuity, also accepted for compressing time

Editing transitions in the lab

Fade in 淡入– slowly come into frame from black

Fade out 淡出– slowly leave frame going to black

Dissolve 融合– one image “dissolves” into another which implies more than a visual connection - relationship

Flip, Wipe (etc) – old style, fun, very cinematic

Freeze frame 冻结帧– optical, tension with resolution, how does story end?

(“Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid”)

Split Screen – screen is divided into two or more scenes

Match Cut 匹配剪切– when two images of similar size & balance are cut together

音乐的使用

Master shot 主镜头– editing term – a shot that films the action from start to stop. Inserts, close-ups etc are then cut in when needed

Rules for coverage 覆盖镜头的规律

Move in

Start with an extreme long shot to set the scene.

hash="05932c2ada7cec3bffe27529ac1a8cdb" type="imag 17px; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); margin-top: 1em; margin-bottom: 1em;">Introduce people with long shots and mid shots.

Then use closeups to show their expressions.

These shot sizes are explained in more detail here.

Make sure you use different camera positions around, above or below the subject as well. If you shoot everything from the same position the camera will appear to ‘jump’ forward. There’s more about this, and other continuityrules, here.

Starting with closeups 从特写开始

You could go the other way round.

idth="320" />Start with a closeup, or a series of closeups.

This is a good way to add anticipation, and maybe mystery, to a scene.You could go the other way round.

Then cut to mid and long shots to show the bigger picture.

This is a good way to add anticipation, and maybe mystery, to a scene.